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US citizens and lawful permanent residents (“Green Card Holder”) may help qualifying relatives to become US permanent residents. Besides proving the existence of qualifying relationship of a petitioner and his or her relatives, the petitioner also need prove their financial capability in supporting his or her relatives to come to the United States. 



♦ Classifications and Quotas under Each Classification

Immediate Relatives of US Citizens  It includes a U.S. citizen’s spouse, unmarried children under 21 years of age, and parents. There is no quota limit on the petition for immediate relatives.

Unmarried Sons and Daughters of U.S. Citizens (“First Preference” or “F1”)  The annual quote for F1 is 23,400 plus any numbers not required for fourth preference.

Spouses and Children, and Unmarried Sons and Daughters of Permanent Residents (“Second Preference” or “F2”)  The annual quota for F2 is 114,200, plus the number (if any) by which the worldwide family preference level exceeds 226,000, plus any unused first preference numbers:

F2A  Spouses and Children of Permanent Residents  It takes 77% of the overall second preference limitation, of which 75% are exempt from the per-country limit;

F2B  Unmarried Sons and Daughters (21 years of age or older) of Permanent Residents  It takes 23% of the overall second preference limitation.

Married Sons and Daughters of U.S. Citizens (“Third  Preference” or “F3”) The annual quote for F3 is 23,400 plus any numbers not required by first and second preferences.

Brothers and Sisters of Adult U.S. Citizens (“Fourth Preference” or “F4”) The annual quote for F4 is  65,000, plus any numbers not required by first three preferences.


Summary of  the Qualifying Relatives of US Citizens and Permanent Residents

U.S Citizen ◊ Husband and Wife (Immediate Relatives)
◊ Children (Immediate Relatives, F1 or F3)
◊ Parents (Immediate Relatives)
◊ Brothers and Sisters (F4)
Permanent Resident ◊ Husband and Wife (F2A)
◊ Children (F2A or F2B)